Naturalism has no (functional) transcendent God. There can be gods galore, but they are subject to cosmic laws just as we are. Although each system has its own concept of what the cosmic law is, Greek gods, Hindu gods, Norse gods, Mormon gods, Word Faith gods are all subject to cosmic law.
This week, we further break down Philosophical Naturalism into two flavors. Methodological Naturalism considers only natural causes in scientific research, but admits the logical possibility of supernatural realities. Deism falls into this camp. Metaphysical Naturalism asserts that Nature and natural causes are in fact the only reality. Methodological Naturalism is the most popular, because it seems to allow for belief in God as in Deism. However, Methodological and Metaphysical Naturalism are functionally equivalent.
In our modern culture, Science is the only universally recognized truth. This is why it is important to develop a theory of Intelligent Design which is empirically verifiable, and therefore Scientific (except to the Philosophical Naturalist). Unfortunately, it may already be too late as PostModernism is on the rise. PostModernism rejects any form of absolute truth - even Science.
often called "special evolution" because it involves living things specializing - turning various preexisting genes on/off or swapping them with other bacteria to adapt to an environment.
often called "general evolution" because it involves living things generalizing - creating new gene functions that did not exist before.
has nothing to do with evolution, but is a critical premise of "no creator" thinking.
Special evolution is well documented and can be confirmed in your home school by experiments in the back yard.
General evolution has never been observed, directly or indirectly. However, neither have there been any observations that would completely rule it out. On this question, science has no definite answers. The various "missing links" offered by evolution marketeers have all turned out be hoaxes (Piltdown man, Peking man, Java man, etc), or not missing links at all (Archeopteryx). Amazingly, even one of the classic experiments confirming special evolution turned out be a hoax: the grey and white moths on the tree in england were glued in place! This needless desperation betrays an inner sense of the folly of their position.
Spontaneous generation is impossible according to any known science. Louis Pasteur thought he had put this to rest when he showed that grain does not spontaneously turn into mice when covered with a screen. But because of a philosophical dedication to materialism, many scientists continue to search for a physical process that could cause spontaneous generation.
Using the unqualified word "evolution" to refer to opposite or unrelated concepts (special or general evolution or even spontaneous generation), and then pretending that they are the same thing because the same word is used, is called "equivocation". This is a logical fallacy. Here is a funny example of equivocation:
Proof that a cat has nine tails:
The slogan of evolutionists proposed by Scott is: "Evolution happens, evolution happened." Logically, this is saying the following:
There are other disciplines whose methods are devoted to finding the truth about past events: history, forensics, archaeology.
Science tells us that the sun rises every morning, and according to our best models the sun has risen every morning for the last 4 billion years and will continue to do so for a few billion more. However, history (Joshua) tells us that on at least one morning, the sun did not rise.
Science tells us that dead people do not come back to life once a certain level of decay has set in, and our best model, the Law of Entropy, makes the odds against this ever happening or ever having happened astronomical. History tells us that several people have in fact come back to life - even after 3 or 4 days of decay at middle eastern temperatures.
Science tells us that dead matter does not spontaneously spring to life, and the Law of Entropy makes the odds against this ever happening or ever having happened astronomical. History, to my knowlege, makes no mention of this ever happening either.