Week 13 - Angels
Daniel 10:1 - 11:2
In this prelude to the future history of Israel under the Greeks, we get a
brief glimpse into another world. There are mysterious and intriguing
references to things like the "Book of Truth".
- 10:1 "... for there is need of understanding in a vision."
Isn't that the truth!
- 10:3 Daniel is fasting. "Desirable bread" - No dessert, no meat, no wine.
Fruits, vegetables and water. (Did they have safe drinking water?)
- 10:7 "The men that were with me saw it not." The ability to see angels
is a gift. 2 Kings 6:17 Acts 9:1-9
- 10:10 Daniel only manages hands and knees at first.
- 10:11 Finally, Daniel stands upright.
- 10:12 Fear not. Angels, and the glorified LORD Himself, always need to
say that, as they are terrifying to us - even when those like Daniel who have
talked to them before. Luke 1:13 Luke 1:30 Luke 2:10 Matthew 28:5 Revelation 1:17
- 10:13 It took Gabriel 21 days
to get there due to opposition from the enemy. Angels take time to travel.
And Daniels perseverence in prayer enabled Gabriel to finally arrive.
- 10:14 The future history coming up next is for "thy people", i.e. Israel,
in the "latter days". It is for a time yet to come ("days").
- 10:20 "Prince of the Persian ... Prince of Greece."
We wrestle not against flesh and blood. Ephesian 6:12
- 10:21 The Book of Truth - not the Bible, unless you want to stake out
a time loop theory.
- 11:1 The angel Michael works to protect Israel. Sometimes this
means working with Gabriel to fight demonic influence in Pagan nations.
From Gabriels lament, we can gather that the war for Earth is challenging
and difficult for the angels.
- 11:2 Four more kings of Persia, the last stirring up all against the
The Last Kings of Persia
Cyrus 559 - 530 BC - issued the decree to return the gods captured by
Babylon to their home cities, ending the 70 year captivity. (See Ezra 7:15 -
the Persians thought of the God of Israel, like all the other gods, as living
in their home city of Jerusalem.)
According to the Midrash, while Cyrus and the Darius of Daniel 6 are killing
Belshazzar and his drunken nobles, a young girl named Vashti, daughter of
Belshazzar runs to her fathers quarters, and is captured by a young soldier
who will become Darius I. He gives her to his young son, Ahasuerus as a wife.
This would make Vashti about 15 years older than Ahasuerus, and while
a 50 year old can be stunning, I'm not sure I buy the story.
- Ahasuerus/Cambyses 529 - 522 BC
- Artaxerces/Pseudo Smerdis 522 - 521
- Darius I, son of Hystaspes 521 - 485 BC
- Ahasuerus/Xerces 485 - 465 BC - Son of Darius Hystaspes. Xerces is
around 36 when he takes the throne, and the events of Esther
transpire. The vast wealth of Xerces (see Esther 1) enables him to mount
vast and well equipped armies. During his reign, the Greeks rebel against a
corrupt satrap in Greece. Xerces "stirs up all" against the Greeks in an
overreaction, invades Greece with a huge army and Navy, and is ignominiously
defeated by land and by sea. This seals the doom of the Persian Empire,
and his successors are ignored by Daniel 11.
- Artaxerces, son of Xerces 465 - 424 BC - issues the decree to restore
and rebuild Jerusalem in 457 BC (or 458 - see Ezra 7:7-8).