Coming of the King: Week 25
- 12:1 This is not stealing,
Deuteronomy 23:24-25, and the same principle applies
in English common law.
- 12:2 unlawful according to the
Mishna. The Sadducees considered the written word the only
authoritative rule. The Pharisees considered the oral tradition begun
during the exile (and ironically also ultimately written down as the
Mishna in 200AD) as equally authoritative. You could compare them to
Protestants and Catholics - but note that both camps failed to
recognize the Messiah. In the century before Jesus, two camps arose
among the Pharisees: Hillel, the liberal, and Shammai, the strict
conservative. Jesus at times sides with and at other times condemns
all these factions.
- 12:3 The Pharisees justified David for what was arguably unlawful,
but condemned the disciples for what was perfectly lawful
- 12:6 "One greater than the temple" - not only did Jesus set aside
the tradition of the elders, but now He uttered blasphemy!
- 12:8 Jesus called the Father "Lord of Heaven", and Himself
"Lord of the Sabbath".
- 12:14 Many of the questions brought to Jesus were hotly debated
in the Mishna. E.g. the question of divorce (He affirms Shammai
on that issue), or the question of the greatest commandment
(He affirms Hillel). By completly throwing out the Sabbath
regulations of the Mishna, Jesus becomes a heritic in the eyes
of the Pharisees, and hence they seek to kill Him.
- 12:17 Matthew tells us why Jesus so often told those he healed
to keep it quiet.
What does Matthew leave out and why?
- 12:20 Ellicot writes in his commentary: "We cannot help feeling, as we read
the words, that the publican-apostle had found their fulfilment in his
own personal experience of the profound tenderness of his Master."